What Are the Differences Between Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy?

 In Home Occupational Therapy

Quite often occupational therapy and physical therapy are used interchangeably when indeed these practices represent different but also similar roles in the home health industry. While they are not synonymous, there can be overlap in the type of services the respective providers administer. As a home health agency who provides both in home occupational therapy (COTA), as well as in home physical therapy (PTA), El Paso Community Home Health strives to provide transparency with our patients. We do our best to set recovery goals based on your condition and needs. We also believe that understanding the difference between occupational therapy and physical therapy will not only benefit you as a patient but if you know someone who is going through a similar situation, you can speak to them about your new-found knowledge.

First, The Role of In Home Occupational Therapy (COTA)

Occupational therapy centers in on a patient’s functional abilities. The goal of in home occupational therapy (COTA) is to establish a connection between a patient’s ability to perform necessary daily activities independently. Skills such as putting on shoes, taking a shower, and other tasks that may require fine-tuning are incorporated into occupational therapy exercises. Life skills and adaptive techniques are observed at every level. A patient may be needing assistance in adapting to their home environment following a surgical procedure. Therapists are trained to recognize the areas and activities where a patient may be vulnerable such as the shower or bath, in the kitchen, and walking outdoors. Patients will learn safety techniques while increasing their independence.

The Role of In Home Physical Therapy

While in home occupational therapy (COTA) focuses on daily living skills, in home physical therapy concentrates on a patient’s injury or physical needs that require strength building through exercises. Physical therapists are trained to evaluate and diagnose movement dysfunctions. An occupational therapist often diagnoses as well; however, a physical therapist is more likely to uncover the root of the problem. If a patient is suffering from pain or feelings of discomfort, the physical therapist will assist him or her with techniques that help alleviate pain, prevent further injury, and restore function in the body. Exercises are focused on an individual’s level of strength and mobility.

The Ways In Which They Overlap

Both in home occupational therapy and in home physical therapy focus extensively on the needs of patients and their ability to recover in a safe and comfortable manner. The El Paso Community Home Health occupational therapists and physical therapists have been trained extensively on the musculoskeletal system and will work with your doctor or physician to ensure a plan for recovery is enacted.

Connect With El Paso Community Home Health Today

To receive the best in home occupational therapy or in home physical therapy, please connect with our team today. El Paso Community Home Health is committed to assisting the geriatric population of El Paso as we believe they deserve the finest quality care possible. To learn more about out our services, please give us a call today at 915-591-6700.


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